Diapers, Baby Care and Parenting Information - Everything You Need to Know
Diapers, Baby Care and Parenting Information
Even after going through pregnancy, labor, and delivery, most women are nervous to adjust to a new life with their baby. We have compiled some tips that can help even the most nervous first-time parents feel confident about taking care of their newborn.
Other than these, you can easily get help by talking to experts in hospitals and even hiring nurses who can get you used to feeding and taking care of your newborn.
Let’s go through a list of the basics:
- Wash your hands before handling your baby as they have a weak immune system and are very prone to infections.
- Support your baby's head and neck in both an upright or laying down position.
- Never shake your newborn as it can cause bleeding in the brain and even death in severe cases.
- Make sure your baby is securely fastened when using a chair or carrier of any sort.
- Limit movements and don’t involve your baby in rough play activities.
- Bonding is one of the most pleasurable parts of infant care. Cradle your baby and gently stroke him or her in different patterns as a sign of affection.
- Learn and use the swaddling technique. Not only does this keep the baby warm, but it also develops a sense of security and comfort.
- You should choose a diaper that is highly absorbent and fits the baby in a comfortable manner. It must suit the baby's delicate skin and not cause painful rashes that make the baby irritable. Change diapers after every bowel movement. Use water and clean wipes to gently wipe your baby's genital area clean. To prevent or heal a diaper rash, apply ointment. If it continues for more than 3 days see your doctor immediately as there might be some infection. Lastly, don’t forget to w ash your hands thoroughly after changing a diaper.
- You should give your baby a sponge bath until the umbilical cord falls off and the navel heals completely, which may take up to 4 weeks, and until the circumcision heals, which may take up to 2 weeks. A bath two or three times a week in the first year is fine. Bathing at a greater frequency than this may cause dry skin.
- During sponge baths, wipe your infant's eyes, nose and ears with a washcloth dampened with water only. Then wet the cloth again and, using a little soap, wash his or her face gently and pat it dry.
- When using baby shampoo, gently wash your baby's head and rinse using a wet cloth and soap, then wash the rest of the body. Once you have given the bath, dry, diaper and dress your baby.
- Use a washcloth to wash your baby’s face and hair. Gently massage your baby's scalp with the pads of your fingers or a soft baby hairbrush. When you rinse the shampoo from your baby's head, cup your hand across their forehead so the soap doesn't get into their eyes.
- While bathing your infant, never leave the baby alone. If you need to leave the bathroom for a minute, wrap the baby in a towel and take him or her with you.
- After getting circumcision on your baby boy, gently wipe the tip of the penis clean with warm water after each diaper change, then apply petroleum jelly to the tip so it doesn't stick to the diaper. Any redness, swelling or irritation of the penis should heal within a few days, however if it increases or if pus-filled blisters form, that may indicate the presence of an infection and you should call your baby's doctor immediately.
- An infant's navel area shouldn't be submerged in water until the umbilical cord falls off and the area is healed.
- Whether feeding your newborn by breast or a bottle, you may be confused as to how often it should be done. Generally, babies are fed when they seem hungry. Usually, a newborn baby needs to be fed every 2 to 3 hours.
- Newborns typically sleep for periods of 2–4 hours at a time. However, individual babies develop their own sleep patterns.
- It's very important to always put babies to sleep on their backs to reduce the risk of SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome).
- Be sure to alternate the position of your baby's head when sleeping from night to night to prevent the development of a flat spot on one side of the head.
These were just some general tips on how to easily take care of and parent your baby. There is much more information and resources out there that can guide your journey. We hope you found these helpful and congratulations on your baby!